Skip links

Break Even Point: Definition and Calculation

what is a breakeven point

It can be used to make informed decisions and develop a long-term business plan for your company’s future success. By looking at each component individually, you can start to ask yourself critical questions about your pricing and costs. If you’re having trouble hitting your break-even point or it seems unreachable, it’s time to make a change.

  1. Upon selling 500 units, the payment of all fixed costs is complete, and the company will report a net profit or loss of $0.
  2. To do this, calculate the contribution margin, which is the sale price of the product less variable costs.
  3. To increase your profits from your break-even point to $30,000, you must increase your sales from 1,667 to 1,917 units.
  4. To calculate BEP, you also need the amount of fixed costs that needs to be covered by the break-even units sold.
  5. If customer demand and sales are higher for the company in a certain period, its variable costs will also move in the same direction and increase (and vice versa).

Break-even analysis assumes that the fixed and variable costs remain constant over time. Costs may change due to factors such as inflation, changes in technology, or changes in market conditions. It also assumes that there is a linear relationship between costs and production. Break-even analysis ignores external factors such as competition, market demand, and changes in consumer preferences. The break-even point formula divides the total fixed production costs by the price per individual unit, less the variable cost per unit. Then, by dividing $10k in fixed costs by the $80 contribution margin, you’ll end up with 125 units as the break-even point, meaning that if the company sells 125 units of its product, it’ll have made $0 in net profit.

The formula for calculating the break-even point (BEP) involves taking the total fixed costs and dividing the amount by the contribution margin per unit. A contribution margin formula is a useful tool that you can use to plan sales and costs of sales. Just like that, performing a break-even analysis to figure out how much product you need to sell to cover your costs of doing business is one of the most important aspects for a business owner to effectively run a company. Let’s look at what the break-even point is, how to perform a break-even analysis, and why it’s important for the financial health of your company.

Why Is the Contribution Margin Important in Break-Even Analysis?

He currently researches and teaches economic sociology and the social studies of finance at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. In conclusion, just like the output for the goal seek approach in Excel, the implied units needed to be sold for the company to break even come out to 5k. The incremental revenue beyond the break-even point (BEP) contributes toward the accumulation of more profits for the company. If a company has reached its break-even point, this means the company is operating at neither a net loss nor a net gain (i.e. “broken even”). Over 1.8 million professionals use CFI to learn accounting, financial analysis, modeling and more.

If, for example, you increase the price per unit, the number of units to reach your company’s break-even point will also be lower. In accounting, the break-even point refers to the revenues necessary to cover a company’s total amount of fixed and variable expenses during a specified period of time. The revenues could be stated in dollars (or other currencies), in units, hours of services provided, etc. The denominator of the equation, price minus variable costs, is called the contribution margin.

what is a breakeven point

Once you know the fixed and variable costs for the product your business produces or a good approximation of them, you can use that information to calculate your company’s breakeven point. Small business owners can use the calculation to determine how many product units they need to sell at a given price point to break even. In accounting terms, it refers in a process costing system the number of wip inventories to the production level at which total production revenue equals total production costs. In investing, the breakeven point is the point at which the original cost equals the market price. Meanwhile, the breakeven point in options trading occurs when the market price of an underlying asset reaches the level at which a buyer will not incur a loss.

What we mean here by BEP is the number of units that must be sold to just cover fixed costs so you would need to specify the revenue and variable costs per unit in order to know the BEP for fixed costs of 8000. Therefore, given the fixed costs, variable costs, and selling price of the water bottles, Company A would need to sell 10,000 units of water bottles to break even. This formula is the amount of money your company has on hand to cover your fixed costs after you pay all of your variable expenses. It also includes any money left over after covering fixed costs and constitutes your company’s net operating profit or loss. In this scenario, your company must sell 1,667 units to cover all of your costs and break-even each month. You can also change any of the variables in the formula, and calculate your new break-even based on new forecasts.

What is Break-Even Analysis?

It’s also important that you, as a business owner, know the total contribution margin of each of your products or services. Only then can you make strategic business decisions that will ensure your company thrives and gains an advantage in your market. By creating a “financial dashboard” you can monitor your company’s performance, reduce costs, and increase profits over time.

what is a breakeven point

The break-even analysis is a great tool to use to make informed business decisions. Here are a few of the business analyses that the break-even analysis will help you with.

The break-even point (BEP) is when your forecasted revenue equals your estimated total costs. When you’re just starting out, your business may face losses for a few years. But when your company reaches a break-even point, It calls for a celebration as not only your business, but also your product or service have become financially sound.

Breaking even is the first step toward a healthy business

Get instant access to video lessons taught by experienced investment bankers. Learn financial statement modeling, DCF, M&A, LBO, Comps and Excel shortcuts. Businesses share the similar core objective of eventually becoming profitable in order to continue operating.

There is no net loss or gain at the break-even point (BEP), but the company is now operating at a profit from that point onward. Upgrading to a paid membership gives you access to our extensive collection of plug-and-play Templates designed to power your performance—as well as CFI’s full course catalog and accredited Certification Programs. This website is using a security service to protect itself from online attacks. There are several actions that could trigger this block including submitting a certain word or phrase, a SQL command or malformed data.

The first pieces of information required are the fixed costs and the gross margin percentage. Assume that an investor pays a $5 premium for an Apple stock (AAPL) call option with a $170 strike price. This means that the investor has the right to buy 100 shares of Apple at $170 per share at any time before the options expire. The breakeven point for the call option is the $170 strike price plus the $5 call premium, or $175. If the stock is trading below this, then the benefit of the option has not exceeded its cost.

Otherwise, the business will need to wind-down since the current business model is not sustainable. Take your learning and productivity to the next level with our Premium Templates. Access and download collection of free Templates to help power your productivity and performance.

Leave a comment